Doing exercise is very good for health. However, it will be able to be better if you know your health condition and choose more suitable exercises. From that, your health can be improved a lot. A compact device that can help you understand your body during exercise is the best hiking watch.
Different from the normal watches, these watches were equipped with many modern technologies. And these technologies will analyze your health via heart rate, supply some important information such as location, air pressure, altitude, sunrise/sunset time, and so on.
In addition, hiking watches are also divided into different types to help customers choose the most suitable one for their demand. Even though this is not a tool that you must have, everything will be better if you own a useful watch for yourself, right?
If you want to know more about this item and look for a good one, come with us in this article. We found out up to 19 great hiking watches that consist of many types, different functions, etc. Let’s get started right now. This will be a long but helpful list for you.
Best Hiking Watch Comparison 2023
** Below, you will find our detailed reviews of the best hiking watch, but you can also click these following links to see current prices or read customer reviews on Amazon.
[amazon bestseller=”hiking watch” items=”10″ ]
Top 19 Best Hiking Watches Reviews 2023
Garmin fēnix 6 Pro, Ultimate Multisport GPS Watch
[amazon box=”B07VZZ3GW5″ ]
Garmin fēnix 6 Pro, Ultimate Multisport GPS Watch is the first recommendation we want to introduce to you in this article. It is an item from the Garmin brand. And this is also one of the most popular brands that we found out many choices. So check its information right now.
This watch was designed beautifully and sporty with a round face and a quite big strap. The 1.3″ touch screen was made of the Corning Gorilla Gl. And around it was held by the stainless steel frame tightly. Because its size is not too big, it is suitable for both men and women.
The main function of this watch is to measure your heart rate from the wrist. From that, it will determine to active the Pulse Ox oxygen, let you know, and follow your workout intensity. Not only that, but you can also build a better workout plan thanks to the Pace Pro.
In addition, it can also show you the distance you will run as well as the destination with the pre-equipped TopoActive Europe map. Thanks to that, you can know where you are now or change direction easily. But they are not all. This watch allows you to connect to other devices in many ways such as wi-fi, ANT+, and Bluetooth. Via those devices, you can listen to your favorite music while doing exercise simply.
Even though it has many functions, it can operate for up to 14 days. And if you want, you can adjust it to other modes to save more energy, use it for a longer time, or be suitable with your demand like GPS UltraTrac mode for 72 hours, Power Manager mode for 48 days, and SmartWatch mode for 14 days.
Do you think that this product can make you satisfied? Try it to experience more.
- Beautiful design.
- Durable material.
- Track your workout intensity.
- Build a better plan.
- Nice navigation when running.
- Long-lasting battery.
- Connect to other devices in many ways.
- It may be quite hard to control the volume of the music.
- Some functions may not be used together such as GPS and sensors.
Fitbit Sense Advanced Smartwatch with Tools for Heart Health
[amazon box=”B08DFCWVZ4″ ]
The second selection we help is a product that comes from the Fitbit brand. Its full name is the Fitbit Sense Advanced Smartwatch with Tools for Heart Health. Heart health analysis is an extremely complex process so this watch may have many nice features to be talked about. Let’s see them with us.
The first thing you can see from this watch is it was designed extremely luxurious. The strap is polished stainless steel. Not only that, the AMOLED display not only combined with the Corning Gorilla Glass 3 but also is installed the biosensor core. These things created a lot of attraction for customers.
Besides, the compatibility of this product is very high. You can connect it to both iOS from the 12.2 version and Android OS from the 7.0 version easily. By connecting, you can use its app and control everything better and more exactly.
Now come to its main function. This watch will work by censoring your skin temperature on the wrist, then note them. This process will occur all day. From the data, you can know how your skin temperature varies and know your health is normal or not. Then, you can adjust it to be better.
In addition, more other advanced functions such as personalized insights, guide programs, mindfulness, sleep tool, advanced analytics, etc. will be supplied in Fitbit Premium Trial. But you don’t need to worry, the manufacturers give you up to free 6 months to use it before deciding to get it.
Not only that, but the producers also created a great app – FitBit ECG (Electrocardiogram). This app has it owns the main function is to assess heart detail about atrial fibrillation and rhythm irregularity. And via the parameter is recorded, you can send it to the doctors. They will help you understand the body.
However, this app is just for users of upper 22-year-olds. If you are older than this milestone, you can use all functions of this hiking watch. So why don’t you try once?
- High-end design with premium materials.
- High compatibility.
- Wonderful EDA sensor.
- Fitbit ECG app for users upper 22-year-olds.
- The battery can last up to 6 days.
- Charge fastly.
- Sensor features are not exactly 100%.
- The material of the strap can irritate some sensitive skins.
Garmin Vívoactive 4, GPS Smartwatch
[amazon box=”B07VXR5XVH” ]
Next is another smartwatch of the Garmin brand – the Garmin Vívoactive 4, GPS Smartwatch. From its appearance, you can see that it is completely different from the first one. Therefore next, we will show you more about its features to know the differences clearly.
The design of this item doesn’t have any special point so we will not talk about it. The first outstanding point of it is a large range that is allowed to monitor your pulse and energy level all day. And remember that it just monitor simply. It cannot analyze clearly or diagnose your health.
If you use it when exercise, it will get and help you follow many exercise types easily. Consist of yoga, cardio, strength, pilates, etc. And if you change it to the GPS mode, it can record moving from swimming, running, and so on.
In the case you are a person who likes listening to music while doing exercise, this watch can be an effective tool for you. Because it allows you to download songs from Deezer or Spotify (even though the process will be quite complicated with the provider). After that, you can connect the watch to the headphones, then do everything without annoying anyone.
About the battery, it will change depending on the mode you use. When it operates at the smartwatch mode, it can last up to 8 days, and 6 hours for the GPS mode. Everything is not too special but interesting. However, normally, you may need to recharge it sooner. It will not make you disappointed.
- Large range.
- Get and follow exercises simply.
- Install songs for the watch.
- Can connect with headphones.
- 2 modes: smartwatch and GPS.
- Long battery.
- The process of installing music is quite complicated.
- You cannot install additional exercises.
Garmin Instinct Rugged Outdoor Smartwatch
[amazon box=”B07HYX9P88″ ]
Here is another cooling hiking watch with full black. We call it the Garmin Instinct Rugged Outdoor Smartwatch. After reading its name, you may know that this watch was designed for those who want to practice running on rough terrain. So read the description to know about the necessary features.
This watch brings to us a freestyle and diversity in design. And because it was designed for outdoor activity, many types of sports can be identified and tracked on the watch. Like climbing, stand-up paddling, yoga, snowboarding, gym, etc.
In addition, if you do exercise outdoor and move a lot, it will also always let you know where you are thanks to GLON, GPS, and Galileo. Besides, to be worth being the best hiking watch, it still needs to read, measure, and analyze your body via pulse measurement, step counter, calorie consumption, stress level, sleep, etc.
And everything will be shown in more detail in the Garmin Connect application on your smartphone (in both iOS and Android operating systems). Not only help you gather your information but also connect to friends, motivation, and congratulation. It can become a useful tool for your life.
- Multi-style design.
- Experience many sports.
- Let you know where you are.
- Keep healthy and fit easily.
- Analyze much information about your body.
- Notice all information from smartphones.
- Garmin Connect application.
- The operation is a bit cumbersome.
Garmin Forerunner 245 Running Watch
[amazon box=”B07RCJV4PT” ]
Continue, this is still a choice of the Garmin brand. But we think that it is simpler than others – the Garmin Forerunner 245 Running Watch. This may be a watch that was designed to help users follow their running process conveniently. Its information will help you understand detail about it.
The first function is to evaluate your status when workout. It will show you know that you are doing exercise right or wrong, it is too overdone or not. After a monitoring time, you can understand your body better and adjust exercise intensity to be more suitable.
In addition, you are allowed to receive some training plans that Garmin Coach supplies. And choose the best one in them for yourself. In the case you believe that you understand your body exactly, and know more about exercises, you can completely create an adjusted plan by yourself.
However, in all exercises, the exercise that is paid attention to most in this watch is running dynamics. If you like it, this watch is very suitable for you because it can balance the time of contacting the ground, vertical ratio, stride length, and so on.
Not only that but for outside activities, it will help you follow your distance, speed, while you are running with the GLONASS, GPS, and Galileo network. We think that for jogging or running, you can see its effect clearer.
- Evaluate the current status.
- Effective monitoring functions.
- Receive training plans.
- Easy to share the location.
- GLONASS, GPS, Galileo network.
- Sometimes, the diary is not too exact.
Fitbit Versa 3 Health & Fitness Smartwatch with GPS
[amazon box=”B08DFGWDZR” ]
A new selection for you is called the Fitbit Verse 3 Health & Fitness Smartwatch with GPS. Its name has a similar part to another recommendation above “GPS”. And the best hiking watch with GPS will not be similar to the ones which don’t have. Here are the reasons.
Its main function is to monitor your heart rate. And it can work 24/7 in order not to miss any unusual changes. Not only that but from that parament, it also shows you the calorie burn and helps you optimize effectiveness in your workout.
In addition, the Active Zone Minutes feature will notify you continuously. You can know that you are hard enough or not, you reach your target or yet. Therefore, you always have the motivation to improve your fitness.
And the GPS was also equipped in this watch for users to use in outdoor activities more conveniently. If you want to control it better, you can connect the watch to the smartphone. You don’t need to worry that it cannot be compatible because it allows for devices from iOS 12.2 and Android OS 7.0.
By connecting, you can store music, podcast, or anything to the watch from Spotify and Deezer. After that, let it play when you are doing exercise to relax.
Another modern function is voice assistant. This assistant can help you check the weather, control devices, be a reminder, etc. Thi hiking watch will make your life not only better but also more convenient in many things.
- Monitor heart rate 24/7.
- Active Zone Minutes feature.
- High compatibility.
- Pre-equipped GPS.
- Store and play music.
- Voice assistant.
- The battery lasts 6 days.
- Colors for choosing are quite limited.
- Don’t supply many apps in the clock face.
- Music storing and playing is just suitable for some regions and countries.
Fitbit Luxe Activity Tracker
[amazon box=”B08ZF5WCC2″ ]
If you are a woman who loves doing exercise and you also want a slim hiking watch, see this product. Look at it, you can see it has an extremely feminine and elegant design. We think that almost all women will like it. The watch that is being talked about is the Fitbit Luxe Activity Tracker.
Different from others, this watch has a slim and comfortable design instead of a sporty and big size. The first new function is evaluating and managing stress. From your physical signs, the watch will change it to score from 1 to 100. It means as higher as better.
Next, if you wear it on the wrist when sleep, it will follow and evaluate your sleep. And it also changes it to score to let you know that you have a REM, deep, or light sleep. From that, you will know your sleep tend is good and bad and adjust to go in a better way.
Not only that but when you use it in normal exercise or water sports, this item is still suitable. Because it was made to resist water. That is also the reason why it is extremely durable.
In addition, it was also equipped with the Active Zone Minutes feature. Then determine your benchmark and help you know that you work out enough or not. It will be a good tool for you to improve your health all day.
- Slim and comfortable design.
- Stress evaluate and manage.
- Follow and evaluate sleep.
- Compatible with iOS and Android OS.
- Active Zone Minutes feature.
- Battery for 5 days.
- It may not show enough information on the screen.
Suunto Core All Black, Unisex Compass
[amazon box=”B001DCEKXM” ]
The next selection we have for you is a product from a new brand. And its name is the Suunto Core All Black, Unisex Compass. You can see that its name doesn’t show any features. Hence, let’s go to check the information at once.
Although the watch face is not special, the strap was made from a material that is an elastomer. Hence, it creates a comfortable feeling even so you wear it for a long day for many outdoor activities.
In addition to a normal watch to show time, date, alarm, sunrise/sunset time in the day, it was built in with some measuring devices such as a compass, a barometer, and an altimeter. Thanks to that, it will be extremely useful in adventures.
Besides, the luminescent screen will help you can read information from the watch even you are in dark. Especially that you can change the displayed language to a lot of other available languages. consist of English, Spanish, German, and French.
- Elastomer strap.
- Outdoor features.
- Combination of many measuring devices.
- Luminescent screen.
- Multi-language settings.
- It is a bit lightweight so it seems quite like a cheap watch.
- The sound is pretty weak.
Garmin Forerunner 45S GPS Running Watch
[amazon box=”B07PVVVXGB” ]
This time, this hiking watch of the Garmin brand can be considered as a combination of two types: GPS and Running Watch. We are talking about the Garmin Forerunner 45S GPS Running Watch. Let’s see what features it has.
If you don’t like a big watch because you think it will be a bit entangled, this is the selection for you. It is not too slim but thin, small, and lightweight enough not to influence you when doing exercises. Especially, in the case you are female, we think you should try it.
Next, some pre-installed outstanding features will support you running faster day by day. Such as the function of extensive running, recording speed, times, and distance. In addition, it also measures pulse and VO2max to show you the body battery. From that, you can know you should go on practicing or not.
If you want to do more effectively, you can download and use the optimized plans. In the case you cannot find out anyone great for yourself, you can change it too. Some sports that are supported are yoga, running, cycling, cross trainer, treadmill, and many others.
- Small and compact size.
- Outstanding features.
- Measure the body battery.
- Create an optimized plan.
- Suitable with many sports.
- The realistic battery is not too long.
- The software usually has problems.
Garmin Approach S10 Lightweight GPS Golf Watch
[amazon box=”B07C2QHTTZ” ]
Here is the middle position of this list and we still have many other options for you to choose the best hiking watch. So don’t give up. If you are quite tired, relax and let your eyes take a break, then go on with 10 other items. The Garmin Approach S10 Lightweight GPS Golf Watch is the next recommendation.
Like what you see from its name, this watch was designed for the golf players. And that is the reason why it has many features to help you play golf better. Such as show you the yardages from the back, middle, and front, and also let you know there are any obstructions or not. Not only that but the high sensitive GPS will help this feature operate more effectively and exactly.
In addition, it also saves your score, time, and upload to make you follow all process easily. And everything displays on the 128 x 128 pixels screen – this resolution allows users to read under the sun without having eye discomfort or pain.
In the case that you still want to improve your skills in a more methodical way, you can choose to download and learn from a free course. Why don’t you try them, they are all free?
- Design for golf players.
- Resolution on display: 128 x 128 pixels.
- A lot of free courses.
- High sensitive GPS.
- The buttons are extremely small.
- It is just for golf, not for any other sports or monitoring your health.
HONOR SmartWatch 55023299
[amazon box=”B07LGFPWQD” ]
We think that you may know more about the hiking watch and the main features of the best one. So now, we just gather information about these items to save more time. Don’t worry, we will talk about new and special features as clearly as possible to help you know about each one exactly. And the next one we have is the HONOR SmartWatch 55023299.
This will be an ideal recommendation for customers who like the thin designs because their thickness is just 9.8 mm. Besides, it also supports you following some simple sports such as running, jogging, cycling, mountaineering and swimming. And for swimming, remember that it can suffer about 5 ATM pressures.
In addition, thanks to the GPS and NFC, the watch will monitor and show the apartment more exactly. When you sleep, the TruSleep 2.0 feature will follow you and divide it into 8 patterns along, 6 sleep disorders, and more than that to help you improve sleep.
With the 390 x 390 pixels display, you can see all information it gives clearly and fully. For a standard best hiking watch, we think this is a not bad selection.
- Resolution on screen: 390 x 390 pixels.
- Track many simple sports.
- Support both GPS and NFC.
- TruSleep 2.0 feature.
- Waterproof up to 5 ATM pressure.
- 178mAh for 5-day using it.
- The battery is not too durable.
EIGIIS SmartWatch – Military Tactical Sports Watches
[amazon box=”B08ZSKHDYT” ]
Continue, you will see another sports watch – the EIGIIS SmartWatch – Military Tactical Sports Watches. We think that you may also think it will be similar to many others above like us. However, if you want to know, read its information here.
The manufacturers said that this watch has a durable structure from inside to outside. Combined with the light water-resistant, it is more convenient for you to use in daily activities and some sports. The main function still monitors your health all day via distance, steps, blood oxygen, heart rate, calorie burn, and sleep quality.
Besides, it was also equipped with some extra functions like weather forecasts, reminders, notifications from social media, etc. And everything can be more convenient if you connect it to your smartphone (just smartphone) for iOS from 8.0 and Android from 4.4.
What do think that a long battery is a plus point or not? We think that is right. Because for this watch, it can be used from 5 to 10 days. And if you don’t use it, it can still maintain standby time mode up to 35 or 40 days.
- Durable structure from inside to outside.
- Track health all day.
- Sports mode to use when doing exercises.
- High compatible.
- Light water-resistant.
- Can be used from 5 to 10 day and up to 1 month in standby time mode.
- A lot of customers appreciated that it was more like a toy than a real hiking watch.
Willful Smart Watch, 1.3″ Touch Screen Smartwatch
[amazon box=”B07V5H3FKP” ]
This time, it is a more modern selection with a touch screen. Its full name is Will Smart Watch, 1.3” Touch Screen Smartwatch. In addition to that point, does it have any new features? See them all together.
Different from before items, this product was installed with a 1.3” touch LCD screen. Hence, information also displays more clearly. Wearing this watch all day will help you record all data of your health including sleep time, awake time, exercises mode (9 sports consist of walking, running, yoga, cycling, climbing, hiking, treadmill, spinning, and workout), and heart rate 24/7.
Besides, you can connect your smartphone to this watch via Bluetooth 5.0. After that, you just need to wear the hiking watch, all notifications from SMS, Twitter, Instagram, Facebook, Skype, etc. will be shown and notify to you.
- Clear information with 1.3″ touch LCD screen.
- Record data all day.
- Bluetooth 5.0.
- Receive and notify information from your smartphone.
- Watch battery lasts from 7 to 35 days.
- The outer layer of color paint is easy to peel off after a period of use, causing loss of aesthetics.
- The durability is not evaluated too high.
ASWEE Smart Watch for Women – Fitness Tracker
[amazon box=”B096KBV2JN” ]
Here is another item that was designed for only women. The main reason may come from its design of appearance. Besides, it still needs some important functions to do the tasks of the best hiking watch well. Therefore we will show all descriptions of the ASWEE Smart Watch for Women – Fitness Tracker for you soon.
This product was also equipped with a full-colored 1.3″ touch screen. And it is very sensitive. If you wear it on your wrist all day, it will operate 24/7 to monitor your heart rate, calories, sleep, etc. In addition, when you play 1 of 17 sports (run, walk, treadmill, yoga, hike, football, tennis, swim, dancing, badminton, cycling, and so on), it will record parameters to help you know the current status and improve better.
That is the reason why waterproofing is a necessary feature. And like others, you can try to connect your smartphone with a smartwatch. Thanks to that, it will notify information from all apps of the smartphone. You can control music too.
- Full colored 1.3″ touch screen.
- Operate 24/7.
- Sport mode with many sports.
- Support GPS.
- Notify information from a smartphone.
- Control music.
- Water-resistant under 5 ATM pressure.
- Long-lasting battery.
- (we didn’t find out any weaknesses)
SmartWatch 1.3” Touch Screen Sports SmartWatch
[amazon box=”B08NXWV2C5″ ]
If you like the touch screen but the one above has some points that you don’t really like, this is the alternative recommendation we give you. Its name is extremely simple – SmartWatch 1.3” Touch Screen Sports SmartWatch.
In fact, this product doesn’t have any outstanding features. However, it still includes enough necessary functions such as 1.3” colored touch screen, 13 sport modes (run, walk, tennis, badminton, football, yoga, hiking, etc), extra functions (monitor sleep, control music, stopwatch, etc), receive notification from the smartphone after being connected, and many others.
In addition, there are also some features that will help you follow and save your health via all normal activities in a day like speed, steps, calorie burn, etc. For all users from many countries, it is still a suitable item thanks to different language settings (English, Chinese, Japanese, Russian, Korean, and German).
- 1.3″ colored touch screen.
- 13 sport modes.
- Helpful extra functions.
- Connect and notify all information from your smartphone.
- More than 1 language setting.
- (it almost doesn’t have any bad points)
CHEREEKI Fitness Watch, Activity Trackers
[amazon box=”B08YJZ3ZGN” ]
Although we just have some fewer selections, a new brand still appears. And this time, it is CHEREEKI. This brand brings to us a choice that is called CHEREEKI Fitness Watch, Activity Trackers. Let’s see what new features of a hiking watch that the new brand will bring to us.
With this item, you can track your healthy daily via steps, walking distance, calories, heart rate or something. besides, some data when you play sports like running, walking, or hiking can be also recorded.
And like others, you can connect it to a smartphone (iOS from 8.0 and Android from 4.4) to see calls, messages, and notifications from apps on it. Not only that, in addition to control by buttons, it allows you to control by voice thanks to the Alexa. Everything will become very modern with this best hiking watch.
- Monitor your health daily.
- IP68 waterproof.
- Compatible with many smartphones.
- See calls, messages, notifications from apps on smartphones.
- Control by voice – Alexa.
- Lifetime warranty.
- The material and structure are not too durable.
- The battery is not really long like what the producers said.
Activity Tracker Fitness Trackers Smart Watch
[amazon box=”B08PNWDHP3″ ]
Next is another activity tracker for you. It is called extremely simple – Activity Tracker Fitness Trackers Smart Watch. Do you think its functions will also be simple like how we call it? If you want to know the exact answer, don’t stop here, read on together to know more about this item.
Like what you see it shows in the name, it will track parament in all your activity in a day. Then record them in steps, mile walked, distance, active minute, calories burned, body temperature, heart rate, etc. Besides monitor sleep, it analyzes it too.
In the case you wear it when playing sports, you can change it to suitable sports modes like run, walk, dance, hike, cycling, climbing, treadmill, etc. Another useful feature like others is high compatibility for both iOS and Android devices.
- Track parament in all activities.
- 16 different sport modes.
- High compatibility.
- IP68 water-resistant.
- The blood pressure will not be measured completely exactly.
Men’s Sports Digital Watches – Outdoor Waterproof Sport Watch By VDSOW
[amazon box=”B0775GT97X” ]
You are looking for a watch that not only can be used for hiking but also underwater, we think that you may like this recommendation. They are the Men’s Sports Digital Watches that were designed for Outdoor Waterproof Sport by VDSOW. Take a quick look at its information right now.
This is one of the most durable items we found out for you today. Because this watch was designed to resist both shock and water (up to 50 meters). Besides, with the LED backlight, it will have no problem even when you use it in the dark.
Functions in this product are also multiple. Including calendar, alarm, stopwatch, etc. However, it doesn’t have any function to help you track your health – this is also a bad feature.
Note: you shouldn’t press any buttons when you are wearing it underwater.
- LED backlight.
- Waterproof up to 50 meters.
- (it almost doesn’t have any bad features to be shown here)
Super Bright Wrist LED Light R5 Rechargeable Waterproof LED Flashlight Wristlight Watch
[amazon box=”B074J9LF1Z” ]
Do you like bright things? If you like it, this last option is exactly for you. Because it is called Super Bright Wrist LED Light R5 Rechargeable Waterproof LED Flashlight Wristlight Watch. Don’t waste much time. Check its information and end this long list as soon as possible.
This watch is different from all others above. In addition to display time, date, it was just combined with a flashlight. And don’t have any special functions. Therefore it will not help you understand and improve your health.
However, for some activities like camping, caving, hunting, hiking, etc. this is not a bad tool for you.
- High quality.
- Adjusted strap.
- Combined with a flashlight.
- Suitable with outside activities.
- Not include many helpful functions like others.
Necessary Features Of A Best Hiking Watch
Ok and this list is also quite long. But we will still talk quickly about some necessary features of a best hiking watch to help you choose one more easily.
Because it is a watch that is used in many aciti ities, it needs to have a high durability. In the case your watch is too weak and easily broken, we think that you need to change a new one usually. And this is not good news. Hence, please check the material, structure, etc. to make sure your selection is durable enough.
The next thing you need to care about is the size. Especially important when you find a watch for playing sports. Because you will be very active, if it is too small, it will make you uncomfortable, and in the case, it is too big, it can drop. So no one wants this problem to occur. Thus, paying attention to it a little will be better.
The Features About Function
The last one is also the most important one is the functions. Depending on each person’s demand to choose the most suitable one. If you want to follow and record your health, you should choose the watches that have functions such as heart rate, oxygen blood, body temperature, sleep analyzing, etc.
In the case you want to know your effectiveness in a workout or playing sports, some essential functions are calories burned, distance, steps, sports modes, and so on. Each demand will have each match function. That is the reason why you need to choose them carefully to make sure this watch will not be wasted.
In a total of 19 options, did you choose your ideal best hiking watch? If not, you can refer to 5 products that are the best in our opinion.
Thanks for reading all we shared in this article today.
Hope everything will be helpful for you and don’t waste your time.
If you have any new options, please leave them in the comment box, we will try to improve.
And don’t forget to share it with many people if this list can help them anything.
See you soon on other occasions.